City roof garden and woodland art studio in running for Scotland’s best architecture title

Could a garden chapel, a cancer centre or a housing association be the best building in Scotland?

All have been named in the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland’s (RIAS) list of the top-100 properties in the country built in the last century.

St-Albert-circleA few of the highlights include Maggie’s Highland Cancer Centre in Inverness, Shettleston Housing Association in Glasgow, the Bernat Klein studio near Galashiels, and the Chapel of St Albert the Great in Edinburgh.

He said: “What I really like about the list is that it goes from a tiny bothy made by an eccentric architect in the 1950s and then abandoned, right up to your big humdingers like the Scottish Parliament and corporate buildings like banks and offices, or power stations and hospitals. This is not all about posh houses for rich people.”

Mr Baxter said the Maggie’s Centre, built in 2006 by Page/Park Architects, offered patients a “peaceful place” to rest, with a sculptural exterior and welcoming “snail-like” circular layout inside.

Shettleston Housing Association office is “part-renovation and part-new build” and has been recognised because of the roof garden created by Elder and Cannon Architects when they added an extension to the former Co-op in 2010.

“Internally it flows from one building into the next, but the roof garden creates something special that is very respectful of a historic building,” said Mr Baxter.

The Bernat Klein Studio, built in 1972 and located on a hillside in woodland near Galashiels, celebrates “two unsung heroes” – late fashion designer, who died in 2014, and architect Peter Wormersley. Made of concrete, glass and timber, it is entered via a bridge that takes visitors straight into the upper and “creates and romantic feel”.

Another gem is the Chapel of St Albert the Great, located in the back garden of a townhouse George Square, Edinburgh but open to the public.

Owned by the Dominican Order of the Catholic Church, it was designed in 2013 by Simpson and Brown Architects and constructed from wood and glass.

The full list, which features buildings from 1916 right up to the present day, has been compiled by RIAS to mark the 100th birthday of RIAS and Scotland’s festival of architecture 2016.

Among the more unusual buildings on the list are Bank of Scotland and Royal Bank of Scotland branches in Glasgow, Bon Accord Baths in Aberdeen and Tongland Power Station in Kirkcudbright, along with more prominent architectural sights including the arches at the City Chambers in Glasgow, the Scottish Parliament building and Stirling University.

The public now has the chance to vote for their favourite building as part of the 2016 Festival of Architecture, the cornerstone of Scotland’s Year of Innovation, Architecture and Design.

Mr Baxter added that many of the buildings are used by people in their day to day lives, perhaps without them noticing their architectural value.

He said: “It really highlights some of the great architecture of the last century and will hopefully engage people and get them more interested in looking at the buildings around them.”

The Top 100:

Suffolk Road Halls of Residence, Edinburgh, 1916 – by Alan K Robertson

Rosyth Garden City, Rosyth, 1916 – by A H Mottram

Cour House, Kintyre in Argyll, 1920 – by Oliver Hill

Craigtoun Park, Islet, Dutch Village; St Andrews, 1920 – by Paul Waterhouse

Arches at City Chambers, Glasgow, 1923 – by Watson, Salmond and Gray

Zoology Building, Glasgow University, 1923 – by John J Burnet

9 George Square, Glasgow, 1924 – by James Miller

Bandstand and Amphitheatre, Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow, 1924 – by James Miller

Winter Gardens, Rothesay, Isle of Bute, 1924 – by Alexander Stephen

War Memorial and Cowdray Hall, Aberdeen, 1925 – by A Marshall Mackenzie and A G R Mackenzie

Scottish National War Memorial, Edinburgh Castle, 1927 – by Sir Robert Lorimer

Bank of Scotland, 110-120 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, 1927 – by James Miller

North British and Mercantile Building, 200 St Vincent Street, Glasgow, 1929 – by Sir John James Burnet with Norman A Dick

St Conan’s Church, Lochawe, Argyll, 1930 – by Walter Douglas Campbell

India Tyre and Rubber Factory, Greenock Road, Inchinnan, 1930 – by Wallis Gilbert

Scottish Legal Life Assurance Offices, 81-107 Bothwell Street, Glasgow, 1931 – by E. G Wylie

St Anne’s Roman Catholic Church, 21-23 Whitevale Street, Glasgow, 1933 – by Jack Coia

The Lane House, 46a Dick Place, Edinburgh, 1933 – by William Kininmonth and Basil Spence

Tongland Power Station, Kirkcudbright, 1934 – by Alexander Gibb and Partners

Royal Bank of Scotland, 30 Bothwell Street, Glasgow, 1935 – by James Miller

Daily Express Building, 159-195 Albion Street, Glasgow, 1936 – by E Owen Williams

Bon Accord Baths, Aberdeen, 1937 – by Alexander Robbie

St Cuthbert’s Co-operative Association, Edinburgh, 1937 – by T Waller Marwick

St Columba of Iona RC Church, Glasgow, 1937 – Jack Coia

Luma Light Factory, Glasgow, 1938 – by Cornelius Armour

Rothesay Pavilion, Rothesay, 1938 – James Carrick

St Andrew’s House, Edinburgh, 1939 – Thomas S Tait

Glasgow Film Theatre, Glasgow, 1939 – John McKissack

Reading Room, University Avenue, Glasgow, 1939 – T Harold Hughes & D S R Waugh

St Mary’s Church, King Street, Aberdeen, 1939 – A G R MacKenzie

Timex Factory, Dundee, 1948 – by Bennet, Beard and Wilkins

New Taybank Mill, Dundee, 1949 – by Kenneth Masson

Wills Tobacco Factory, Glasgow, 1949 – by Wills Engineering Department

Hermit’s Castle, Achmelvich, Loch Inver, Sutherland, 1950 – by David Scott

Vale of Leven Hospital, Alexandria, Dunbartonshire, 1951 – by J L Gleave

Fishermen’s Houses, Dunbar, 1952 – by Basil Spence and Partners

Extensions, Natural Philosophy Building, University Avenue, Glasgow, 1953 – by Basil Spence and Partners

Sighthill Health Centre, Edinburgh, 1953 – by R Gardner-Medwin

Kilsyth Academy, 1954 – by Basil Spence

National Library of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1955 – by Reginald Fairlie (completed by A R Conlon)

Town House, Kirkcaldy, 1956 – David Carr

St Paul’s Roman Catholic Church, Glenrothes, 1956 – by Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein

High Sunderland, Galashiels, 1957 – Peter Womersley

Avisfield, Edinburgh, 1958 – by Morris and Steedman

Silitto Residence, Edinburgh, 1959 – by Morris and Steedman

Seafar 2 Housing, Cumbernauld, 1963 – by Hugh Wilson, Dudley Roberts (Project leader), Roy Hunter

Nuffield Transplantation Surgery Unit, Edinburgh , 1963 – Peter Womersley

Gala Fairydean Stand, Galashiels , 1963 – Peter Womersley

Glasgow College of Building and Printing, Glasgow, 1964 – Wylie Shanks and Underwood

St Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church, Kilsyth, 1965 – by Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein

St Peter’s College, Cardross, 1966 – by Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein

Department of Architecture and Building Science, Strathclyde University, 1967 – by Frank Fielden and Associates

Mortonhall Crematorium, Edinburgh, 1967 – by Sir Basil Spence, Glover and Ferguson

Dollan Aqua Centre, East Kilbride, 1968 – by Alexander Buchanan Campbell

Andrew Melville Hall, St Andrews University, 1968 – by James Stirling

BOAC Building, Glasgow, 1970 – by Andy MacMillan and Isi Metzstein

Royal Commonwealth Pool, Edinburgh, 1970 – by John Richards

Bernat Klein Studio, High Sunderland, Galashiels , 1972 – by Peter Womersley

Phase III Housing, Woodside Development Area A, Glasgow, 1974 – by Boswell Mitchell & Johnson

Stirling University, Bridge of Allan, 1974 – by John Richards

Eden Court Theatre, Inverness, 1976 – by Law and Dunbar-Nasmith

Scottish Amicable Life Assurance Society Headquarters, Glasgow, 1976 – by King, Main and Ellison

St John Ogilvie Church, Irvine, 1979 – by Clunie Rowell with Douglas Niven and Gerry Connolly

Cummins Engine Factory, Shotts, 1980 – by Ahrends, Burton and Koralek

Pitlochry Festival Theatre, 1981 – by Law & Dunbar-Nasmith Partnership

Dundee Repertory Theatre, 1982 – by Nicoll Russell Studios

The Burrell Collection, Glasgow, 1983 – by Barry Gasson, Brit Andresen and John Meunier

Ingram Square, Glasgow, 1984 – by Elder and Cannon Architects

Caley House, Kilwinning, 1984 – by Irvine Development Corporation

Babbity Bowsters, Glasgow, 1985 – by Groves-Raines Architects

Brunswick Hotel, Glasgow, 1986 – Elder and Cannon Architects

Grianan Building, Dundee, 1986 – by Nicoll Russell Studios

Princes Square, Glasgow, 1987 – by Hugh Martin & Partners

National Library of Scotland Annexe, Edinburgh, 1987 – by Andrew Merrylees Associates

General Accident Fire and Life Assurance Corporation Headquarters, Perth – by James Parr & Partners

Carrick Quay, Glasgow, 1989 – by Davis Duncan Partnership

The Italian Centre, Glasgow, 1991 – by Page \ Park Architects

Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, 1993 – by Richard Murphy Architects

Challenge House, Glasgow, 1993 – by McNeish Design Partnership

178-180 Ingram Street, Glasgow Page, 1994 – by \ Park Architects

Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1998 – by Benson + Forsyth

Dundee Contemporary Arts, Dundee, 1999 – by Richard Murphy Architects

Homes for the Future: The Green, Glasgow, 1999 – by Elder and Cannon Architects

Scottish Poetry Library, Edinburgh, 1999 – by Malcolm Fraser Architects

The Lighthouse, Glasgow, 1999 – by Page \ Park Architects

Tramway, Glasgow, 2000 – Zoo Architects

Mount Stuart Visitors Centre, Isle of Bute, 2001 – by Munkenbeck + Marshall

National Museum of Rural Life, East Kilbride, 2001 – by Page \ Park Architects

Clavius Building, St Aloysius College, Glasgow, 2003 – by Elder and Cannon Architects

The Scottish Parliament Canongate, Edinburgh, 2004

Maggie’s Centre, Inverness, 2006 – Page \ Park Architects

Pier Arts Centre, Orkney, 2007 – by Reiach and Hall Architects

John Hope Gateway, Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh, 2009 – by Cullinan Studio

Shettleston Housing Association Offices, Glasgow, 2010 – by Elder and Cannon Architects

The Houl, Castle Douglas, 2011 – by Simon Winstanley Architects

The Chapel of St Albert the Great, Edinburgh, 2013 – by Simpson and Brown Architects

2013 House No. 7, Tiree, 2013 – by Denizen Works

The Turf House, Isle of Skye, 2013 – by Rural Design

Maggie’s Centre, Airdrie, 2014 – by Reiach and Hall Architects

Laurieston Transformational Area, Glasgow, 2015 – by Elder and Cannon Architects, Page \ Park Architects


Source: heraldscotland


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